Articles & Handouts from CSES Programs

The Autonomic Nervous System and Polyvagal Theory

by John Chitty
This is chapter 6 from the newly published book Dancing with Yin and Yang. It contains many of the Powerpoint slides published earlier, as well as updated descriptions and expanded commentary about implications. This material can also be studied via a series of four video presentations on the CSES YouTube Channel, entitled ColoradoEnergySchool. Also here is a free “basic set” of Powerpoint slides to use in introductory presentations on Polyvagal Theory. Additionally, here is another version, specifically prepared for APPPAH (Pre- and Perinatal Psychology) in June 2014.

The “Window of Presence” or “Functional Range”

by Anna Chitty with Ray Castellino

The “window of presence” or the “functional range” refers to the stress responses of Autonomic Nervous System (ANS). When ANS responses are functional, they are “within the window” or within the “functional range.” When responses are dysfunctional, they are “outside the window” or outside the “functional range.”

Anna Chitty wrote an earlier version of this paper that was titled, “Window of Tolerance” a phrase introduced by Dan Siegel. Anna and Ray collaborated to incorporate their understanding of ANS function and to broaden the concept. Anna uses the term “Window of Presence.” Ray uses the term “Functional Range.” Both Anna & Ray feel that this understanding is a core necessity for all somatically-oriented practitioners, including body, energy, pre and peri-natal and trauma therapists.


Dancing with Yin and Yang

by John Chitty

These 26 slides are the images used in John’s April 22, 2014 presentation to Diane Heller “Attachment Mastery” program. They may be viewed within the flow of the presentation (see the CSES Youtube channel), but it may be helpful to also have them as hard copy, for making notes, or for use in your own presentations. The 100-minute presentation itself is in three parts: (1) Introduction, (2) Polyvagal Theory and the Autonomic Nervous System and (3) Applications including Body-Low-Slow-Loop, Boundary Practice, Resonance Practice and the Two-Chair method.


Overview of Biodynamic Craniosacral Therapy

by John Chitty
This is an 11-page article to summarize the practice of “Biodynamic” Craniosacral Therapy, and also the content of a biodynamic education. The term “craniosacral” has been used by several branches of practice that are directly or indirectly descended from the original findings of William G. Sutherland, DO (1870-1954). “Biodynamic” is not an exclusive adjective for the work of Franklyn Sills, on which this article is based. However the word is used here recognizing Sill’s choice of it for his books.


Gifts: How Craniosacral and Polarity Need Each Other

by John Chitty
This 4-page article discusses the complementary benefits of these two systems, suggesting that curricula of each would benefit from adding certain features and practices of the other. The resulting synthesis is used in CSES programs under both titles. The article includes a 1-page discussion of therapeutic philosophies: the methods known as  “Direct” (healing comes from the outside in via the active intervention of the practitioner or other external factor) vs. “Indirect” (healing comes from the inside out as a result of the presence of adequate resources).



by Anna and John Chitty (+ downloadable Podcast)
This is a 1-page instruction summary for the Sympathetic Nervous System first aid method used in our programs. It is derived from the work of Peter Levine, attempting to simplify the trauma-recovery model into as few steps as possible.  Note: You may also tune in to the audio podcast of the Body Low Slow Loop for a guided verbal practice facilitated by John Chitty.


Polarity Counseling

by John Chitty
This is a 21-page presentation (pdf) given at the APTA Conference in June 2012, recognizing that while bodywork, exercise and diet are all covered in existing literature, counseling (also known as “Communication and Facilitation” in the APTA Standards) is less well-developed. The presentation suggests how Polarity Therapy Counseling might be expanded to reflect and update Dr. Stone’s ideas to accommodate the fifty years of discovery in the field of psychology since his insightful comments were first written.


The Heart is Not a Pump

by John Chitty
This is a 4-page article adapted from the Spring 2006 issue of Energy, the newsletter of the American Polarity Therapy Association. The article presents an argument for an energetic explanation of the heart’s function and gives an experimental protocol for exploring the heart field.


Origins of Stone’s Ideas, (UPDATED)

by John Chitty, with thanks to Phil Young
This is a 3-page slide show describing many sources for Dr. Stone’s ideas in creating Polarity Therapy. Three main groups are identified and depicted: (1) the mystic teachings of India and its wisdom traditions including Yoga, (2) western organizations that embraced and studied these mystic traditions, and (3) turn-of-the-century medical pioneers in America.


Triune Autonomic Nervous System: The Polyvagal Theory

by John Chitty
This is a 2-page introduction to the Triune Autonomic Nervous System theory (also known as “Polyvagal Theory”) and applications. Based on the work of Stephen Porges, PhD, this new view of the autonomic NS revolutionizes trauma therapy understanding and has huge implications for body-centered trauma therapies and anyone dealing with people in any capacity. We highly recommend that readers pursue this topic with Porges’ own materials, available at the site above.


Understanding Polarity Therapy Effects: Two Models

by John Chitty
This is an 11-page paper proposing that practitioner skills are as important as techniques in explaining Polarity Therapy effects, though these skills are not fully articulated in the existing literature. A sample curriculum for teaching these skills is proposed. This paper won the American Polarity Therapy Association’s “Dr. Stone Award” for scholarly writing in June 2000.


What Happens in a Session?

by Anna and John Chitty
This is a 1-page chart used to describe the practitioner/client relationship and subsequent unfoldment of the healing process during a session.


Polarity Test Question and Answer

by John Chitty
This is the written test which was used at the end of the 2009 Associate Polarity Practitioner course (16 days training).


Jaap van der Wal Course Plan 2010

by Jaap van der Wal
This is a one-page summary of Dr. Jaap van der Wal’s class as it was presented in July 2010 in Boulder, Colorado, USA.


Practitioner Skills Step-by-Step

by Anna and John Chitty
This is a 1-page chart explaining the practitioner skills which we think are required in order to practice energetic therapies such as Polarity and Craniosacral. Our class time usage is basically 1/3 practitioner skills as presented on this page, 1/3 techniques and 1/3 anatomy including energy anatomy.


Effect of Practitioner Attitude

by John Chitty
This is a one-page handout summarizing an experiment by John Upledger, DO, (in CranioSacral Therapy: Touchstone for Natural Healing, p. 112) about the electrical resistance of tissues with differing attitude variables.


The Triune Heart Chart

compiled by John Chitty
This is a 1-page slide showing one of Randolph Stone’s more intriguing charts, Polarity Therapy Vol. I, Book 3, Chart 2, with two relevant quotations from elsewhere in his writings.


The Triune Autonomic Nervous System (Powerpoint, 7.1MB)

by John Chitty
This is a 16-page slide presentation exploring possible methods to work with the Triune Autonomic Nervous System. This presentation was prepared for an audience with little or no Craniosacral Therapy training. To actually use this, knowledge of Franklyn Sills’ “State of Balance” concept, a foundational skill in Craniosacral Therapy, is essential. However other readers may find it interesting as well, as it provides images and other supportive material to understand the Triune Autonomic Nervous System.

WARNING this is a large file (7.1 MB), appropriate internet connect and processor speed is needed. This requires Microsoft PowerPoint to open.


The Triune Autonomic Nervous System (PDF, 11.6 MB)

by John Chitty
This is the same as the above, in a .pdf version.


Meso Function Through Prenatal Stages

by Jaap van der Wal
This is a 1-page diagram developed by Jaap van der Wal, MD, PhD, and transcribed from his lecture by John Chitty. It shows the continuity of Endodermal and Ectodermal tissues through the beginning of human life, and especially the emergence and continuity of the Meso- function as a mediator between the two.


Polarity Therapy Standards for Practice Appendix E Study Guide

by John Chitty
This is a 3-page table listing all of Dr. Stone’s charts in order of appearance, and categorizing them by their Five Elements, Three Principles, and Primary Energy relevance. Note that the elemental allocations are not the conventional attributes of Polarity Therapy theory, but rather the “Process Oriented Bodywork” scheme used in Appendix E of the APTA “Standards for Practice.” Other approaches, such as conventional elemental categorization, are encouraged, in which case this list still has value as a list of all charts in sequential order.


Polarity Tea and the Biologic Electron

by John Chitty
This is a one-page article describing the benefits of Dr. Stone’s herbal tea, and proposing that some benefits relate to the extraordinary electromagnetic attributes of certain ingredients.


Remote Viewing Quotations from Osteopaths

compiled by John Chitty
The pioneers of Cranial Osteopathy reported perceiving sub-surface tissues and micro-movements. These reports seem to be analogous to “Remote Viewing” as developed and described elsewhere in scientific literature. Developing versions of this skill is highly emphasized in our programs.


Lineage of this Approach

compiled by John Chitty
This 1-page slide gives photos and dates for some of the osteopathic originators of our Craniosacral Therapy approach. Note that Sills completed osteopathic training in England, but did not become a medical doctor.


Defining Energy Therapy

by John Chitty
This 1-page slide gives a basis for Energy Therapy by distinguishing between “Visible” and “Invisible” phenomena.


The “General Session”

by John Chitty
This is a 1-page summary of the many different versions of the Polarity Therapy “General Session” which have appeared in print over the years. While Dr. Stone did not actually use a “General Session,” subsequent teachers and practitioners have found the idea to be very useful.


Peter Levine Remembers Randolph Stone

Peter Levine, PhD, is a world authority on trauma resolution, and his method is an effective implementation of Dr. Stone’s Polarity Therapy principles using a primarily verbal interface. For information on Levine, visit his site Somatic Experiencing: Foundation for Human Enrichment. Levine met Dr. Stone in 1966.


New Insights in Trauma Therapy

by John Chitty
This is a 16 page Powerpoint lecture describing the work on Peter Levine, PhD. This was created before Levine’s Waking the Tiger was available, but continues to be useful for introductory purposes.


The Mystery of Cerebro-Spinal Fluid

by Scott Zamurut
This is a 5-page article collecting the numerous quotations about Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) in the writings of Randolph Stone and his Craniosacral Therapy counterpart W. G. Sutherland, DO. Both of these energy medicine pioneers held that, in addition to its normally-accepted functions of nourishing and protecting the brain, CSF is also the informational link between spirit and matter, conveying the ordering principle of Higher Intelligence into the cells of the body.


First Tour of Cranial Bones

This is a one-page handout from our BCST course, that introduces the bones of the cranial vault and base to new students.


Bodyreading the Three Principles

by John Chitty
This is a 4-page article summarizing how the Three Energy Principles (Yang, Yin and Neutral) may be observed in the body.


Business Class Notes

by John Chitty
We teach an energetic approach to career development. This is a 2-page outline of content covered in the RPP program business classes.


Five Elements Study Guide

by John Chitty
This is a 2-page “key words” summary for the Five Elements concept.


Yang & Yin: Understanding the Essential Polarities

by John Chitty
This is a 2-page “Yin and Yang attributes” chart exploring relationship implications of the Three Principles using a key words format.


Sympathetic Nervous System Balance

by John Chitty
Shows two protocols for nervous system balancing, “Sympathetic Balance” as developed by Jim Said, and Will Leichnitz’s “NS Protocol” as presented at APTA conferences.



by John Chitty
A 1-page chart explaining techniques for “Facilitation,” which refers to chronically activated sensory nerve loops. These deliver a pain message to the brain even though the original cause is no longer present. This chart is directly based on the teaching of Franklyn Sills.


Photocopies of Dr. Randolph Stone’s Diplomas

These are very large .jpg files (4-8 MB), so high-speed access is needed. Randolph Stone, DO, DC, ND (1890-1981) was the founder of Polarity Therapy.


Dr. Randolph Stone Chronology

This is a 2-page summary of key dates and events in the life of Dr. Randolph Stone (1890-1981), founder of Polarity Therapy.


Pierre Pannetier Remembers Randolph Stone

This is one page of transcribed-from-audio tape comments about Dr. Stone, made by Pierre Pannetier, ND, in 1982. Dr. Pannetier (1914-1984) was Stone’s leading student and his successor as primary teacher of Polarity Therapy in the 1970’s and early 1980’s.


Louise Hilger Remembers Randolph Stone

This 8-page biographical article was written by Louise Hilger (ca. 1910-1988) in 1968, probably with Stone’s collaboration and approval. She was the daughter of the sister of Stone’s wife, therefore Stone’s niece, and served Stone as secretary for over 40 years. This memoir contains many interesting historical vignettes, and also a large dose of commentary about Stone’s (and her) spiritual beliefs. There are numerous reasons to emphasize clear separation of these spiritual beliefs from the practice of Polarity Therapy, based on developments in subsequent years.


Murrieta Hot Springs Cookbook Corrections

This is a 1-page list of errors & corrections for the Murrieta Hot Springs Vegetarian Cookbook. This book is the only extensive collection of recipes based on Polarity Therapy “Health-Building” and “Purifying” guidelines. The book can be ordered by clicking the “Bookstore” tab.


Polarity Protocols

A series of diagrams indicating common hand positions and protocols for basic Polarity sessions attending to various issues and organs including: Sex and Reproduction, Lymph, Joints, TMJ, Kidneys & Lungs, Projection & Reflection, Digestive System, Legs, Spine & Back, and Heart Strategies.


Polarity Toe Reading

Polarity has a specialized interpretation of Reflexology, using the 3 Principles & 5 Elements paradigm to create hypotheses about body-mind links. The toes, in particular, have drawn interest because they are hypothetically the part of the body that is most distant from the source and thereby thought to be the most dense coalescence of the incarnation experience. From a recent Polarity class, here is an example of how toe reading might be used to create a session strategy for 11 people.

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